Argument #6 = The Human Soul

Premise #1 = Freedom to make moral choices cannot be explained by natural laws.

Premise #2 = Each person has the capacity to make conscious moral choices.

Conclusion = Therefore, moral consciousness was caused by something else, and this cause was God.”.

J.P. Moreland, Distinguished Professor of Philosophy at Talbot School of Theology, Biola
University; specializes in metaphysics, philosophy of the mind and chemistry:

“How do you get something totally different – conscious, living, thinking, feeling, believing creatures – from matter that doesn’t have that? That’s the point – you can’t get something from nothing! You either have ‘In the beginning were particles,’ or ‘In the beginning was the Logos’.

If you start with particles, and the history of the universe is about particles rearranging, you may end up with a more complicated arrangement of particles, but you still end up with particles. You’re not going to have minds or consciousness.

However, it makes sense that if you begin with an infinite mind, then you can explain how finite minds could come into existence.

What doesn’t make sense – and which many evolutionists are conceding – is the idea of getting a mind to squirt into existence by starting with brute, dead, mindless matter. That’s why some of them are trying to get rid of consciousness by saying it’s not real and that we’re just computers.

The Christian worldview begins with thought and feeling and belief and desire and choice. That is, God is conscious. God has thoughts. He has beliefs, desire and awareness, He’s alive, He acts with purpose. We start there. And because we start with the mind of God, we don’t have a problem explaining the origin of our mind.” (Lee Strobel, ‘The Case for a Creator’).

For Deeper Study:
Book 2, chapter 7
On-line lessons 65-68
Live classroom 12